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Are yearly vaccines necessary for our dogs? Many dog experts are now saying not only are yearly vaccines not necessary but they could be harmful to our pets.
The following information is given to you as a tool to make an informed decision about your pet's well being. Please do not take the information on this site to be the authority for your pet. Read and learn as much as you can about pet vaccination and talk with your vet. Your pet depends on you to take care of him or her. Don't except another's opinion as gospel. Do your homework!!
Quote from Dr Jean Dodds: "This schedule is the protocol I recommend and should NOT be interpreted to mean that other protocols recommended by another veterinarian would be less satisfactory. It's a matter of professional judgment and choice."
VACCINATION PROTOCOL - 2005
vaccine antibody titers for distemper and parvovirus annually
thereafter. Vaccinate for rabies virus according to the law, except
where circumstances indicate that a written waiver needs to be obtained
from the primary care veterinarian. In that case, a rabies antibody
titer can also be performed to accompany the waiver request.
More information on vaccines
There is great controversy in the field of veterinary medicine about vaccines. Yearly vaccines are considered the back bone of most clinics and a way to manage clients. Many attempts have been made to change protocol for yearly vaccines. There is a mind set that "more is better" We don't give vaccines yearly to our children so why do we have yearly vaccines for our pets? For most vets the issue is not duration of the vaccine, its that the client brings their dog in yearly and get the vaccine.
Annual visits are just as important for pets as they are for humans. It is good to have a professional check your pet as they catch things pet owners don't see and can be potentially fatal. Our dogs cannot tell us when they are sick and most pet owners just cant see the small signs or symptoms that a professional will during a yearly exam.
Many vets and pet owners believe that its better to cover your pet with revaccination "just in case" and revaccination every year cant hurt the pet. This is not true. Annual vaccination does significantly increase the risk for an adverse reaction in dogs
REASONS YOU ARE FORCED TO VACCINATE EVERY YEAR
- boarding kennels require annual or more often (kennel cough every 3 to 6 months) vaccination - some kennels requie every vaccine to be given within a year or less before allowing admission.
- Surgical procedures, including anesthesia, are immuno suppressive thus dogs should be vaccinated prior to or shortly after surgery.
- Grooming facilities require vaccines to be given within one year or less
These facilities are not following the American Animal Hospital Associationís (AAHA) Canine Vaccination Guidelines which can be seen herehttps://www.aahanet.org/PublicDocuments/CanineVaccineGuidelines.pdf Please read this, print it out, take it to the vet or facility. AAHA recommends most vaccines be repeated in THREE years, not ONE.
As pet owners we are responsible for our pets well being. Our pet depends on us just as children depend on their parents. From the food we feed them to any chemical that is put on or in their body, it is your responsibility to protect your pet and make sure that they are getting what they need to ensure a long, happy, healthy life.
STANDARD VACCINATION SCHEDULE-
Predicting the levels of antibodies in a puppies system at early ages is not practical so to be sure the vaccine is not insufficient to produce anti bodies CORE vaccines are given every 3 - 4 weeks starting at about 6 weeks and continuing through 14 - 16 weeks. 14- 16 weeks is considered to not have interfering levels to interfere with immunity. Rabies given after core vaccines are finished with all vaccines repeated at one year of age.
Minimum Duration of Immunity for Canine Vaccines
CORE VACCINES (recommended for all dogs)
Canine Distemper Virus (CDV): Rockborn Strain 7 years/15 years challenge/serology
Onderstepoort Strain 5 years/9 years challenge/serology
Canine Adenovirus-2 (CAV-2) 7 years/9 years challenge-CAV-1/serology
Canine Parvovirus-2 (CPV-2) 7 years challenge/serology
Canine Rabies 3 years/7 years challenge/serology Note: vaccine makers guarantee the 3-year vaccines for 3 years
NON-CORE VACCINES (generally recommended only for animals in areas with high risk)
Parainfluenza 3 years serology
Bordetella bronchiseptica (kennel cough) 9 months challenge
Borrelia burgdorfen (Lyme) 1 year challenge
Leptospira duration ?
Coronavirus (not recommended by WSAVA or AAHA)
Serology is a diagnostic identification of antibodies. Such as TITER tests
The minimum duration of immunity data does not imply that all vaccinated dogs will be immune for the period of time listed, nor does it suggest that immunity may not last longer (e.g. The life of the dog). The percentage of vaccinated animals protected from clinical disease after challenge with canine distemper virus, canine parvovirus and canine adenovirus in the present study was greater than 95%.
DATA FROM: Schultz, RD. And F.W. Scott. Canine & Feline Immunization. In: Symposium on Practical Immunology. R.D. Schultz, Ed., Vet Clinics of N. Am., Nov. 1978, W.B. Saunders Co.
Instead of just vaccinating every year, why don't vets suggest titer testing to identify the levels of antibodies in the blood?
Legal aspects of vaccination
-The only vaccine required by law is rabies vaccine.
-All other vaccines for dog and cat can be given as often or as infrequently as desired. The decision is ultimately that of the owner.
-There is no label requirement and nothing official (USDA) with regard to minimum duration of immunity or frequency of vaccination.
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Leslie LeFave, Happy Grafix
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